|Key Dimensions 关键特征
||管的最重要的特征是外径和壁厚。外径减去两倍的壁厚得到内径。而内径决定了管能通过流体的能力。其公称管径与实际直径并不一致，只是一个粗略的指标。The most important dimensions for a pipe is the outer diameter (OD) together with the wall thickness (WT). OD minus 2 times WT (SCHEDULE) determine the inside diameter (ID) of a pipe, which determines the liquid capacity of the pipe. The NPS does not match the true diameter, it is a rough indication
||金属管子最重要的特征是外径和壁厚。这些参数一般用英寸或者毫米作为单位，标识的外径也就是实际外径。The most important dimensions for a steel tube are the outside diameter (OD) and the wall thickness (WT). These parameters are expressed in inches or millimeters and express the true dimensional value of the hollow section.
|Wall Thickness 壁厚
||金属管的壁厚会被指定一个"schedule"值 （最常见的是 sch.40，Sch. STD., Sch. XS, Sch. XXS等等）。两种公称管径不一样的管但有同样的 schedule值时，其壁厚不一样。The thickness of a steel pipe is designated with a "Schedule" value (the most common are Sch. 40, Sch. STD., Sch. XS, Sch. XXS). Two pipes of different NPS and same schedule have different wall thicknesses in inches or millimeters.
||The wall thickness of a steel tube is expressed in inches or millimeters. For tubing, the wall thickness is measured also with a gage nomenclature.
|Types of Pipes and Tubes (Shapes) 形状
||Round only 仅圆管
||Round, rectangular, square, oval 圆形、矩形、方形、椭圆形
|Production range 量产规格的范围
||Extensive (up to 80 inches and above) 可以高到80英寸和更高
||A narrower range for tubing (up to 5 inches), larger for steel tubes for mechanical applications 范围较窄，最高只有5英尺
|Tolerances (straightness, dimensions, roundness, etc) and Pipe vs. Tube strength 公差
||Tolerances are set, but rather loose. Strength is not the major concern. 设置有公差，但比较宽松，强度不是主要的考虑点。
||金属管子则有严格公差。管子需要在制造的过程中对各方面的尺寸进行质检，比如直度，圆度，壁厚，以及检查表面等等。机械强度是管子的主要考虑点。Steel tubes are produced to very strict tolerances. Tubulars undergo several dimensional quality checks, such as straightness, roundness, wall thickness, surface, during the manufacturing process. Mechanical strength is a major concern for tubes.
|Production Process 生产工艺
||管一般是由高度自动化的高效工艺来批量生产的，比如管厂一般连续生产并将其分销到全球各地。Pipes are generally made to stock with highly automated and efficient processes, i.e. pipe mills produce on a continuous basis and feed distributors stock around the world.
||管子的制造流程更长并且消耗更多人工 Tubes manufacturing is more lengthy and laborious
|Delivery time 交期
||Can be short 短
||Generally longer 长
|Market price 市场价格
||比管子相对低 Relatively lower price per ton than steel tubes
||高，由于生产成本和严格的要求 Higher due to lower mills productivity per hour, and due to the stricter requirements in terms of tolerances and inspections
||可选的材料很多 A wide range of materials is available
||管子主要采用碳钢，低碳合金，不锈钢，镍合金，一般的机械方面应用使用的管子是碳钢的Tubing is available in carbon steel, low alloy, stainless steel, and nickel-alloys; steel tubes for mechanical applications are mostly of carbon steel
|End Connections 连接方式
||坡口，平口和螺纹 The most common are beveled, plain and screwed ends
||Threaded and grooved ends are available for quicker connections on site 螺纹和槽型以便于快速连接